Oriya Vs Adivasi – Discrimination of tribal population in Orissa State of India

The adivasis of Sundergarh districts have been tormented and subjected to all sorts of discrimination by the same people whom they have welcomed openly into their sacred places . The discrimination against the tribals have been more in the places where the outsiders who have come from the coastal orissa , sarikela etc they are normally called as oriyas .They are quite alien to the cultures of tribals and even a blind can feel a quite difference in status, culture, language, eating habbits etc .

1) The first of the racial discrimination is : In many homes of oriyas even today the adivasis are subjected to untouchability and they are discouraged to visit their houses. They are looked down and treated as outcaste. Even today the non christian tribals who do not practice the sarna dharam are subjected to the discrimination and they are discouraged not prevented to visit the tamples of oriyas (of coure this is another way of preventing)

2) There is a total negligence of govt machinery, the govt is only interested in milking, whatever revenue is collected from sundergarh is spent in cuttack, bhubaneswar etc. There is only a eye wash work done, one can see the percentage of developments in the whole district.

3) The tribal land cannot be bought by the non-tribals except the land should be more than 5 acres, still many non tribals specially oriyas have twisted the rule and have grabbed the lands of the tribals . Now a days the oriyas have started a trend of capturing the govt land called (Anabadi Zamin) and then getting them registered in the tahsil office. Even today many tribals who have encroached the govt land have not got the patta (registered) even they have encroached for more than 30 years.

4) The oriyas have refused to recognise the tribal languages as the official language of orissa except the language santhali ( ol chicki) even though the most of the tribal languages are written in devangiri script instead they have pressed oriya language maximum to the hilt. Some rouge organisation like the nila chakra are quite offensive to the tribal language and hard core in pressing oriya language.

5) One can clearly see the difference in ratios of tribals versus non-tribals in industries, which are in rourkela as well as near rourkela . Take the case of Rourkela steel plant , the majority of oriyas have got jobs no body knows how ?. Majority of tribals here work as contract labours. No body cares what may happen if any accident happens, no trade union of whatever affliction, do not bother as majority have been dominated by the oriyas. This trade unions oppose any sort of tribal recruitment in the executive /non executive posts. Permanent employees also face discrimination in the times of promotion, with the majority of oriyas getting preferences. This is the case in all sectors .

6) Tribals are discriminated in the times of job recriutments, there are many cases that the oriyas have teared off the list of employments where the tribals get recruitment. They fiercely oppose the tribals who are getting /or about to join their jobs. They even destroy their letter of joining.

7) There is also discrimination going on in schools where the schools are dominated by the oriya teachers . The students have faced adaring statements of "you quota people" or "adivasi students" which is clearly a violation of SC/ST atrocity act, but unfortunately the young students do not understand. The internal marks given to students are enjoyed by certain section of students only, after matric (ssc) many students have opted out of C.H.S.E (board of orissa 10+2) due to discriminatory marks given to students .

8) Atrocity cases filed against non tribals are minimum, one has to check the police records to see the truth. Many cases have come that there was refusel of lodging an F.I.R by the police, no doubt that at least 85% of inmates in the jail are tribals. They stay and hoping to get out miraculously as they have no means to fight the cases with no money. The judges, the police mechanisms, administrtive officers all are handpicked and brought here to carry out their goals.

9) Planned displacement of adivasis by oriyas and pre planned greater rourkela development plan to settle oriyas, plan to deshedule rourkela and to make it a district so that the rights of tribals can be suppressed.

10) The tribal lands have been taken by the govt to make and set up industries.How many people (tribals ) have got jobs in this private industries ? not even 5% ,instead the tribals who protest the pollutions are severely dealt with by the police ,even the childrens are not spared .Pre planned cracking and often terming them as M.C.C sympathisersand putting them behind bars.

11) The media has put a blanket ban on any news regarding the tribals ,and they very well paint a picture that every thing is ok here. Take out any media (paper/ electronic) they mainly praise the achivements of govt

This are some issue which has created a mass of disgrunteled tribals who are frustated and angry about the whole issue. No doubt the region is now sitting on a situation which might explode. This creates a situation where there are alternate routes to channelise their anger, already many have taken this path and this must be checked and prevented before it is too late.


kartik ekka

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3 Responses to Oriya Vs Adivasi – Discrimination of tribal population in Orissa State of India

  1. Laxminarayan Padhi says:

    This article seems to be a scientific way of sowing the seeds of hatred between tribals and nontribals there by instgating trouble so that a third party will gain. I dont think it illegal to call adivasi to an asivasi. If so, to call Gandhiji to gandhiji, nehruji to Neheruji and Subhashji to Subhashji is alsi illegal. If some one declares himself as British and he will be called as british, where is illegal in it?
    In my openion there sd be no differentiation of caste, creed, sex and religion in our country, then only there will be all round peace. But the western politics cannot tollerate our country to be in peace. In the name of secularism our political gods(dogs?)will go on making imbalance favours to please their dog fathers(God fathers?)and direct our country to the dungeon of instability and disintegrate like the earst while Soviet Union.

    • Santosh Xalxo says:

      Sri Kartik Ekka has given a true picture of the plight of tribal people in Orissa. Tribals are treated as second class citizens in Orissa. They are discriminated and exploited. Sundargarh dist. became a part of Orissa in 1905. Prior to that, it was a part of Chhota Nagpur division. According to census of India report, percentage of tribal population of Sundargarh district was 61.0 in1951, which came down to 50.19 in 2001 census. This is due to establishment of many industries in the dist., which resulted in influx of non tribal people, especially from coastal Orissa. Tribal people are laughed at, when talking with tribals in their mother tongue. Organizations like Nilachakra and Utkal Sammilani aggressively campaign for the use of Oriya language by all.
      Tribal students in Orissa have to know five languages. 1- their mother tongue, which may be Santali or Mundari or Ho or kisan or Kharia etc. 2- Sadri language, which is the lingua franca among tribal people, 3- Oriya, the state lang., 4- English, official lang. of India and lang. of higher education, 5- Hindi, official lang. of India and lang. of communication through out India. A student of coastal Orissa, whose mother tongue is Oriya, can manage by learning only three lang. 1- mother tongue Oriya, 2- English and 3- Hindi. Thus there is an extra burden of two lang. on tribal students. This has resulted in many school dropouts among tribal children in Orissa.
      We have tribal languages as mother tongues, mother tongue of non tribal people of western Orissa is Sambalpuri, which has a developed written literature and they claim it to be a distinct lang. Thus Oriya is the mother tongue of only 15 million people in Orissa. Moreover Oriya lang. has no use outside Orissa.
      Tribal people of the districts of Sundargarh, Deogarh, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj of Orissa have linguistic, cultural, traditional and social links with the adjoining dist. of Simdega, West Singhbhum, East Singhbhum and Saraikela- Kharsawan of Jharkhand state. They also share same religious practices but they do not have any similarities or social bondage with coastal Orissa people. This establishes the fact that these dist. are areas of Jharkhand but wrongly annexed to Orissa.
      To get rid of learning Oriya language, ill treatment and exploitation of tribal people, Kuchinda sub division of Sambalpur dist. and the districts of Deogarh, Sundargarh, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj should be merged with Jharkhand. Jharkhand assembly should pass a resolution claiming these areas as was being done by Orissa assembly in 2000 claiming Saraikela and Kharsawan areas.

    • Dr. Laxminarayan Baghel. says:

      Harijan is the new name given to the untouchable indians by Mahatma Gandhi. Harijan means the parijans (the nearer and dearer) of Hari,the Almighty Hindu God. For the official use it is SC (Scheduled Castes). The Scheduled Castes suffer from the stigma of untouchability. Age-old caste prejudices and practice of untouchability against them lead to commission of atrocities. So anybody calling a harijan by his caste harijan is atrocity. If you call a ganda by is caste ganda is atrocity. Because it is a caste prejudice already registered in the brain of the offender that he is dealing with an untouchable. Would you please call Mahatma Gandhi as a Harijan?Would you like to prefix Harijan before your name? Similar are the cases with Tribal people. Who is the dog here? Why the satirical language ? The SC/ST boys are defamed in the classes in a very similar manner.

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