Adivasi Development Schemes of Kerala State of India

 

1. Housing (state scheme)

   The scheme aims at providing financial assistance of Rs.70,000 to Scheduled Tribes in three stages for the construction of houses. Beneficiaries are selected by Oorukoottam.(Tribal groups) application form 

 

2. Primitive Tribes Housing (art 275(I)), (75%CSS)

   Primitive tribes are the most vulnerable tribal communities in the state. As most of them are living in forest areas and are houseless, they have to be provided with houses on a priority basis. As per a survey done by the ST Dev. Dept in 1996-97 there were 19 % houseless and 42 % with dilapidated houses among the primitive tribes. The total families of primitive tribes being 4406.

 

3. Implementation of Kerala State Restriction in Transfer of Lands and Restoration of alienated Land Act,1999.

   The outlay proposed under the scheme will be utilised for the restoration of lands and rehabilitation of tribal families who lost their lands through alienation.

 

4. Food Support Programme

   The outlay proposed is to continue the food support programme during 2004-2005 also.The scheme will be continued in all needy tribal areas of all Districts in the State. While implementing the programme emphasis will be given to land based activities for the increasing the food production. The Food Support Programme is proposed to be linked to the Re-settlement and Development Activities of the Tribal Mission by selecting the landless and poor tribal families identified by the Mission as beneficiaries of the programme.

 

5. Package Programmes for Adiyans, Paniyans, and Primitive Tribal Groups

   Adiyans, Paniyans and the Primitive Tribal Groups are the most backward tribal people compared to other tribal communities. Therefore, need based and location specific package programmes for the benefit of these groups are to be formulated and implemented with special emphasis on education, health and economic development programmes.

 

6. Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY )[css]

   The provision of Rs 30 Iakh is towards 25% State share for TSP Sector of this Scheme proposed to be implemented in the state in 2004- 2005. Since Government of India makes the 75% Central assistance available directly to DRDAs, the amount towards Central share need not be included in State budget.

 

7. Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) / SGRY )[css]

Under the scheme durable community assets are created with the main aim of employment generation. It is proposed to generate 0.75 lakh mandays of wage employment for the rural poor in the TSP sector during the period 2004-05 under this programme. The above amount proposed is towards the 25 % State share portion of this programme under TSP.

 

8.Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)[css]

   IAY is found to be the most useful shelter providing scheme for the rural houseless poor. It is expected to construct 1291 houses under this scheme for ST beneficiaries below poverty line during the plan period, for which 75% central assistance is anticipated. Since the Central share of fund is given directly to DRDAs, Central share of TSP need not be shown in the budget.

 

9. Corpus Fund for Project Based Activities

   The pooling of funds under Tribal Sub Plan introduced in 1996-97 has not proved successful due to the absence of Project based approach in sanction and implementation of schemes and lack of reallocation of resources to needy areas. The new approach will ensure human resources development of SCs/STs including their education and training etc. A Corpus Fund would be set up to fund projects received from the Districts with emphasis to the following elements –

 1. Self Employment

2. Skill Development

3. Provision of Water supply and sanitation

4. Improving communication facilities to inaccessible areas including bridle paths and foot bridges.

5. Technology transfer

6. Improvement of Education and health.

 

10. Resettlement of Landless Tribals

   A policy decision has been taken by Government to provide at least one acre of land per family to landless tribals subject to a ceiling of 5 acres per family. Tribal families having less than one acre are also eligible to get the required extent of land to make their holdings at least one acre extend. For this objective a Tribal Mission has been formed to undertake rehabilitation activities based on Master Plan. The key components of the resettlement plan are.-

1. Development of Minimum needs infrastructure including housing.

2. Land Development including irrigation and raising of crops.

3. Self employment programmes

4. Provision of health care

5. Skill development

 

   Resettlement will be done on a project basis through which emphasis on planning and implementation through Oorukootams.

 

11. MAJOR TRIBAL PROJECTS

(Common Head of Account for the three projects – Priyadarshini Tea Estate, Attappady Co-operative Farming Society, Vattulukki Girijan Co-operative Farming Society). Some amount is proposed during 2004-05 for the running of the three projects viz Priyadarshini Tea Estate, Attappady Co-operative Farming Society and Vattulukki Girijan Co-operative Farming Society

 

12. Drinking Water Supply to Tribal Areas of Wayanad (100%ACA)

   Wayanad District is a hill district with relatively poor infrastructure facilities. Nearly 1/3 rd of the total population of Kerala lives in Wayanad. Most of the tribal families who live in settlements are poor and vulnerable to various diseases particularly water borne diseases. A total sanitation project is essential for wayanad under CRSP. The sanitation project would become infructuous without a simultaneous programme to provide safe drinking water. The work is executed through commonly constructing and not less than 5% of the capital cost is obtained as contribution from the participatory families.

 

13. Enhancement of Facilities in Tribal acres. (100% ACA) 

   During 2002-03 GOI has sanctioned an amount of Rs. 9 crore as additional SCA to Kerala for the Enhancement of Facilities in the tribal areas of Kerala. The amount released for infrastructure development has to be used for programmes which would ensure acceptable standards of infrastructure and other facilities in schools and hospitals in the most backward tribal areas. This is to ensure that tribals get an assured level of service from the hospitals and quality education from the schools. It is proposed to upgrade the facilities of schools where at least 20% of the students belong to tribal communities and also for enhancing the facilities of tribal hostels serving these schools 

 

14.Provision of Basic Needs to Primitive Tribals. 

   Kerala has five Primitive tribal groups namely Chola Naickans, Kattu Naickans, Kadars, Koragas and Kurumbas. There are nearly 5000 primitive Tribal families who live in inaccessible areas under conditions of extreme deprivation. A basic needs package consisting of shelter, Sanitation, Water Supply and lighting is proposed to be provided to the families of Primitive Tribal Groups.

 

15. Land and Agricultural Development Activities In Selected Settlement wise Population

The Scheduled Tribes Development Department had undertaken a Watershed based development study of tribal hamlets in 5 southern districts in cooperation with CESS, KAU, etc. and the study has been completed and a lot of data has been generated. As part of the study development project in one hamlet in each of the 5 districts was started in August 2003 as a pilot project. The Department proposes to extend the scheme to all the hamlets where sufficient land is available in a phase manner. In the first phase 45 settlement/hamlet shall be taken up and the scheme shall be implemented within a period of 2 years.

 

Food Support Programme

The outlay proposed is to continue the food support programme during 2004-2005 also.The scheme will be continued in all needy tribal areas of all Districts in the State. While implementing the programme emphasis will be given to land based activities for the increasing the food production. The Food Support Programme is proposed to be linked to the Re-settlement and Development Activities of the Tribal Mission by selecting the landless and poor tribal families identified by the Mission as beneficiaries of the programme.

 

Watershed studies with emphasis on tribal settlements (70% CSS)

Watershed studies in selected districts of Kerala with Special emphasis on tribal settlement is an ongoing CSS implemented by the centre for Earth Science studies in the five southern districts of Kerala. This project will likely to be completed during 2003-04. 
 

As part of the 2 nd phase of the programme ” Watershed Development Programme in the Tribal settlements of Northern Kerala” begins on 2003-04 is operated in the tribal settlements of Kozhikode and Thrissur Districts

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